TALLAHASSEE | Millions of voter-approved dollars would go annually for beach restoration, the St. Johns River and a boost to the state’s natural springs, under measures that would continue to divide up a pool of environmental preservation money.
The Senate Environmental Preservation and Conservation Committee on Monday unanimously approved a pair of bills (SB 174 and SB 204) for the 2018 legislative session that would require at least $50 million a year go to beach nourishment and inlet-management projects and $50 million go toward helping restore the St. Johns River, its tributaries and the Keystone Heights lake region.
Meanwhile, funding for the state’s natural springs would increase from $50 million a year to $75 million.
The money would come from a 2014 voter-approved constitutional amendment that called for setting aside a portion of documentary-stamp taxes to go to land and water conservation.
Senate Appropriations Chairman Jack Latvala, a Clearwater Republican sponsoring the beach-funding proposal (SB 174), acknowledged that lawmakers may eventually over-carve the money, which is placed in a trust fund.
“With a little bit of elementary math you can add up all the different percentages and dollar figures that we are proposing be used for the Land Acquisition Trust Fund and you probably come up with more dollars than there is in the Land Acquisition Trust Fund,” said Latvala, who is running for governor next year. “At some point in time, probably in the Appropriations Committee, we’ll have to put all those bills that we have this year — and the bills we’ve passed over the last couple of cycles — on one sheet and figure out how we divide it up. There’s a lot of good ideas, just `x’ amount of dollars.”
The real estate tax is expected to bring the trust fund $862.2 million next fiscal year, according to an August estimate by state economists.
Lawmakers have already carved up the annual funding so at least $200 million goes for Everglades projects, another $64 million for a reservoir in the Everglades Agricultural Area south of Lake Okeechobee and $5 million to the St. Johns River Water Management District for projects dedicated to the restoration of Lake Apopka.
The water management district would also oversee the money for the St. Johns River under the proposal (SB 204) sponsored by Environmental Preservation and Conservation Chairman Rob Bradley, R-Fleming Island.
There is no House version of Bradley’s bill.
“It’s important that we allocate in a manner that reflects all parts of the state,” Bradley said.
Bradley also has a separate measure (SB 370) that would set aside at least $100 million a year for Florida Forever, the state’s most prominent land-preservation fund.
Dividing the trust fund money toward projects and regions through individual bills continues to have support from backers of the 2014 constitutional amendment.
“There is capacity in the Land Acquisition (Trust Fund) to fund springs, Everglades, land conservation, beaches and the St Johns River,” said Eric Draper, executive director of Audubon Florida and a prominent environmental lobbyist. “Any shortfalls are due to funds misdirected to agency expenses that should come from general revenue.”
Environmental groups are battling the state in court about whether some of the trust-fund money has been improperly diverted from conservation purposes to agency staffing and operational expenses.
Latvala’s beach-restoration proposal would revise the Department of Environmental Protection’s grading system for beach projects to account for such things as the availability of federal matching dollars — to offset state costs — and tourism-related economic impact.
The state department would also be required to update a three-year list of projects quarterly, rather than annually.
Rep. Kathleen Peters, R-Treasure Island, has filed a House version (HB 131) of Latvala’s bill. Committee meetings started Monday in advance of the 2018 legislative session, which starts in January.